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Preventing Heat-related Illness - July 2017
Helpful tips for beating the summer heat
Summer heat can be more than uncomfortable; it can be a
threat to your health. Unfortunately, you do not have much of a choice when it
comes to job site. Follow these tips to stay safe in the searing heat.
Heat exhaustion occurs when a person cannot sweat enough to
cool the body—usually the result of not drinking enough fluids during hot
weather. It generally develops when a person is playing, working or exercising
outside in extreme heat. Symptoms include:
- Dizziness, weakness,
nausea, headache and vomiting
- Blurry vision
- Body temperature rising to
- Sweaty skin
- Feeling hot and thirsty
- Difficulty speaking
A person suffering from heat exhaustion must move to a cool
place and drink plenty of water to avoid a more severe heat-related
Heat stroke is the result of untreated heat exhaustion.
- Sweating stops
- Unawareness of thirst and
Body temperature rising rapidly to above 101°F
- Confusion or delirium
- Possible loss of
consciousness or seizure
Heat stroke is a serious medical emergency that must be
treated quickly by a trained professional. Until help arrives, cool the person
down by placing ice on the neck, armpits and groin. If the person is awake and
able to swallow, have them drink a small glass of water every 15 minutes or
until help arrives.
Tips for Staying Cool
The combination of heat and humidity in the summer months
can be downright uncomfortable and even dangerous. Stay cool by following these
- Drink plenty of water. In
hot weather, drink enough water to quench your thirst. The average adult
needs eight 8-ounce glasses of water a day, and even more during hot
- Skip the caffeine and soda;
drink water instead.
- Dress for the weather.
When outside, wear lightweight clothing of natural fabric and a
- Eat light. Replace heavy
or hot meals with lighter, refreshing foods. And always eat smaller meals
before work or intense activity.